7 Police and Military Dog Breeds

Written by: Dr. Katy Nelson

February 15, 2016

Because of their unceasing loyalty and dedication to a job well done, dogs have been used for national security and law enforcement for over a 100 years.

Related Reading: 10 Things You May Not Know About Military Dogs

But not just any dog can be trained for military and law enforcement. It takes a special combination of daring and discipline. And here are the 7 breeds most likely to be recruited!

1. The German Shepherd

german shepherd

German Shepherd’s are one of the most common and thought of police/military dogs. According to the American Kennel Club, German Shepherds are strong, agile, well-muscled, alert and able to retain training for numerous services. They are known for their direct personality and fearlessness. German Shepherds are used mostly in K-9 unites because of their intelligence and ability to handle high-stress situations like chasing down or tackling a criminal.

2. Belgian Malinois 


Do you remember when Osama Bin Laden was captured? You can thank Cairo, a Belgian Malinois and crucial member of Seal Team Six who conducted the raid in 2011.

Confident, hardworking, smart and loyal, the Belgian Malinois is the smaller cousin of the German Shepherd and carries the characteristics of the Belgian Sheepdog and the Belgian Tervuren. According to the Malinois Club, many of its qualities established them as herding dogs at the beginning but eventually were used as messenger carriers and ambulance dogs during World War I. Today they are still used for herding along with police work, sledding, search and rescue and therapy.

3. The Labrador Retriever 


If there was an all-purpose dog, the Labrador Retriever (or commonly known as the lab) would be it. Labs are mostly used because of their friendly and passive personality. They are highly obedient and are trained mostly for their sense of smell. While Labradors are super friendly and great for families and therapy patients, they aren’t the ideal security dog. They make up for it in servicing the blind, hunting and search and rescues. According to Summerville Police Department, labs are usually used to detect explosives or narcotics by either sniffing it out or physically scratching or barking at where the item is located.

4. The Dutch Shepard

dutch shepherd

Dutch Shepherds are very similiar to German Shepherds when it comes to coloring and size. Even though these guys aren’t on the forefront of the police/military task force they are especially known for search and rescue. Dutch Shepherds are known to be athletic, lively and very intelligent. According to the American Dutch Shepherds Association (ADSA), they are equally suitable as a companion and as a competent working dog, used for obedience and dog sports, herding, search and tracking dog, and as a police and security dog.

5. The Bloodhound


Inquisitive by nature, friendly and independent, Bloodhounds are nevertheless notorious for their sense of smell, making them the perfect pup to smell out humans and narcotics. According to the AKC, the first ever recorded use of Bloodhounds by organized law enforcement was in England in 1805 when the Bloodhound was used to search for poachers and thieves. Once a Bloodhound is handed a scent article, the dog creates a scent image in their head which allows them to differentiate that particular scent from all other scents.

6. The Rottweiler


Rottweilers are known to be the perfect guard dog. They are oftentimes reserved with strangers but are extremely loving and playful with family. The AKC describes them as a confident guardian, loving and loyal. In the early 20th century they fell into favor as police dogs. These gentle giants are obedient and intelligent. During WWI and WWII, Rottweiler’s were oftentimes messenger dogs.

7. The Beagle


Don’t let these little guys be underestimated compared to their shepherd friends. Beagles may not be trained in both protection and sniffing, but their powerful nose makes up for what it lacks in strength and intimidation. These little nuggets are curious, eager to learn and friendly. They were originally bred to hunt in packs for rabbits and larger hares, making them the perfect sniffing dog.

According to Supervisor Kenneth Hodgkins of the Department of Homeland Security, Beagle’s are responsible for over 180,000 pounds of prohibited foods that have been tried to be imported into the United States within the last year.

To all of our police and military dogs that have served and continue to serve, we just want to say thank you for your service!

Feature Image via BBC



Written by: Dr. Katy Nelson

February 15, 2016