One of two dog breeds native to the United States, the Salish Wool dog came from what is modern day British Columbia. The tribe had no sheep and would shear the dogs' coats in early summer to create blankets and other textiles. The arrival of Europeans on the continent is blamed for its extinction, who brought with them sheep, making the breed's fur less of desirable.
6. Tahltan Bear Dog
Companions of the Tahltan people, these dogs, as their name suggests, were used for bear hunting. While fierce hunters, their temperament was characterized as gentle.
7. Old English Bulldog
Sadly, this breed was used for bull-baiting and dog fighting in London in the early nineteenth century. The passage of the Cruelty to Animals Act in 1835 led to a decline in the cruel sport and also interest in this breed, eventually leading to its extinction.
8. North Country Beagle
Native to the Yorkshire and Northumberland regions of England, the North Country Beagle was a breed of scent hound. Known for its fast hunting abilities and shrill voice, the breed was common for several centuries but disappeared in the nineteenth century, probably as a result of competition from the English Foxhound.
9. St. John's Water Dog
An early retriever with its origins tracing back to Newfoundland in the sixteenth century, this working water dog is the antecedent of Golden Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers, among other breeds. It is also the founding breed of what we know today as Newfoundlands.
10. Dogo Cubano
Also known as the Cuban Mastiff, this was a Mastiff-type dog originating in Cuba. It was used in dog fighting, guarding livestock and tracking down runaway slaves. Its extinction is believed to have been a result of the abolition of slavery in Cuba.
11. Cumberland Sheepdog
The Cumberland Sheepdog was believed to be the favorite breed of Lancelot Edward Lowther, the 6th Earl of Lonsdale. It existed in his family for more than a hundred years, but by the beginning of the twentieth century, the breed was ultimately absorbed by the Border Collie.
12. Paisley Terrier
Bred to be a show dog, Paisley Terriers were characterized by their long, silky coats. The breed was used to develop the Yorkshire Terrier, whose overwhelming popularity led to the Paisley Terrier's extinction.
13. Brazilian Tracker
The Brazilian Tracker was first recognized by the Brazilian Kennel Club in 1967. Just six years later, as a result of an outbreak of disease and an overdose of insecticide, this hunting breed, likened to the American Coonhound, was already extinct.
14. Alpine Spaniel
Renowned for their thick coats, Alpine Spaniels inhabited the bitterly cold climate of the Swiss Alps. Often used for mountain rescues near the Great St. Bernard Pass, disease wiped out this bread in the mid-nineteenth century. However, modern day St. Bernards are genetic descendents and proudly bear the name of the place of their ancestors.
15. Turnspit Dog
Oddly enough, the Turnspit Dog was bred to complete a household task. They were trained to run on a wheel, called a turnspit or dog wheel, that caused the meat to cook evenly over the fire. As technology progressed, the job became obsolete and the breed went extinct.